The calendula, a plant with many beneficial effects and therefore it is always used as an adjunct to the health and natural beauty of the skin, both in medicine and as an ingredient in various cosmetic formulations. Let’s discover together the properties of calendula, the features, and the main uses. Here are the properties of calendula.
The Marigold is a herbaceous plant 30-50 cm original Egypt belonging to the great family of the Asteraceae (or Compositae ). This genus includes 12 species; the best known is the Calendula officinalis , known for its many benefits . The botanical name derives from the Latin Calendae , or the first day of the month.
The reference is to the flowering period of the plant, which lasts from spring to autumn, developing flowers every month. In addition to the Mediterranean region, calendula is also widespread throughout Europe and North America.
In our country this plant is a spontaneous species in almost all regions, which is well suited to uncultivated fields, borders and ruderal zones.
Marigold flowers have a remarkable heliotropism, that is, they follow the path of the sun throughout the day. In particular, the flowers are tall and open when it is sunny and closed and facing downwards at sunset.
Properties and benefits of calendula
Thanks to the active ingredients contained, the calendula officinalis is a real cure for the well-being of the skin and for the health of our body. Here are the main properties of this plant:
-Painkillers and antispasmodics, calm pains
-Antidismenorroiche, calms menstrual pains
-Anti-inflammatory, calendula is effective against the bites of hymenoptera insects and against the venom of jellyfish and Actinias and against dermatitis
-Antiulcer, a cytoprotective effect on the gastric mucosa, saponoids have an anti-ulcer effect
-Healing, the healing activity is due to increased fibrin production and new epithelium formation
-Coleretic, increased secretion of bile acids
-Disinfectant, capable of destroying harmful microorganisms
-Emmenagogues, capable of causing menstruation if they are absent or reduced
-Haemostatic, stops blood from escaping from wounds
-Moisturizers, for dry and reddened skin, for cracking
-Hypotensive and bradycardic, slight reduction in blood pressure and cardiac activity
-Soothing, soothes the burning
For external use, the calendula is found in the form of multiple preparations: creams, sun milk, soaps, lip balms, tinctures, decoctions, infusions, oils or pulp.
These formulations are particularly indicated for the protection of the skin (even those particularly sensitive) from redness, inflammation, acne, boils and skin infections caused by staphylococci, mycosis of the foot, herpes, insect bites and chilblains.
Furthermore, this plant has been considered the best healer since ancient times: during the American civil war and the First World War, marigold was used for wraps and to treat wounds.
In the form of a cream the calendula is used to treat wounds, cuts, bedsores, ulcers, burns and minor burns due also to prolonged exposure to sunlight, to attenuate the formation of varicose veins and in inflammation of hemorrhoids.
For internal use, calendula is used to treat inflammation of the digestive system, to alleviate abdominal and menstrual pain, to thin the bile secretion, to regularize the menstrual cycle.
After examining the many effects, benefits and healing properties of calendula , let’s see how to apply these virtues through some homemade recipe:
It is indicated in the treatment of wounds with abrasions and as an antibacterial solution. The wrap is created by combining 50 drops of mother tincture of calendula with 100 cl of sterile water. Dip the gauze in the solution and lay it on the affected part.
Mask for dry and reddened skin or diaper rash
Add 4 g of mother tincture of calendula, 30 g of starch, 130 g of glycerin to 100 cl of sterile water. Heat in a bain-marie, stirring until a creamy paste is obtained. Spread on the skin and after 10 minutes rinse thoroughly with warm water.
Indicated in the treatment of bruises, insect bites, acne. It is obtained by pounding fresh flowers in a mortar; pulp thus obtained apply on the part to be treated.
To relieve cough, and flu symptoms, poor digestion and gastrointestinal infections. Boil four teaspoons of dried marigold flowers in 1/2 liter of boiling water for about 10 minutes. Leave to rest and filter. Drink two cups a day on your stomach.
It is indicated for inflammatory states, and for difficult digestion. Leave a tablespoon of marigold leaves in boiling water for 10 minutes, strain. The herbal tea is slightly bitter and can be sweetened with honey.
Finally, remember that for all preparations, organic marigold plants should be used and placed away from polluted places. In any case, we suggest asking your doctor for further advice and clarification, especially when symptoms become persistent.