The World Health Organization (WHO) defines health as “a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being”, which means that this concept goes beyond the existence or not of one or another disease. Consequently, more than a healthy life, we must talk about healthy lifestyle habits that include food, physical exercise, health prevention, work, the relationship with the environment and social activity.
From this perspective it can be determined that healthy lifestyle habits are the following:
A healthy diet is governed by including all the foods contemplated in the nutritional pyramid, but in the appropriate proportions and in the sufficient quantity (no more) to maintain the nutritional needs of the organism in the function of the energy consumption that it carries out with the daily activity. The daily energy value of the diet should be 30-40 kilocalories per thread of weight. Carbohydrates should occupy 50-55% of nutrients, with no more than 10% of simple sugars. Fats must be 30% of the total energy value, distributed as follows: 15-20% monounsaturated fats, 5% polyunsaturated fats and no more than 7-8% saturated. Proteins consumed should not exceed 10% of the diet. Finally, about 20-25 grams of vegetable fiber should be provided to the body. It is one of the best healthy lifestyle habits.
Tobacco, alcohol, and drugs have a very negative impact on health. The only tolerance refers exclusively to wine or beer, of which the consumption of the equivalent of a daily drink is even recommended.
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The general recommendations determine about 30 minutes a day of physical activity, is sufficient to walk at a rapid pace during this time. This allows burning off excess calories and strengthening muscles and bones, but it also helps control blood pressure, cholesterol and blood glucose levels, as well as contributing to the elimination of stress and helping you sleep better, acquiring a state of relaxation. and avoid mood swings, improve self-esteem and personal satisfaction status. It can also be a good means to develop a healthy social activity when the exercise is done in the company. It is one of the best healthy lifestyle habits.
Proper hygiene prevents many health problems: from infections to dental or dermatological problems. The concept of hygiene not only refers to the cleaning and cleaning of the body but also affects the domestic environment.
There are many products to which the organism’s exposure, punctual or continuous, can result in a serious health risk. The environmental pollution of cities is considered one of the most important risk factors for health.
It does not refer to the existence of mental illnesses, but to the state of emotional and psychological well-being, necessary to maintain and develop cognitive abilities, social relationships and the confrontation of personal and professional challenges of daily life. Stress, fatigue, irascibility, anxiety are, among others, some of the signs that indicate that the mental state is not entirely healthy. It is one of the best healthy lifestyle habits.
Social relations are a fundamental aspect of human health and, consequently, for healthy aging. Social isolation can lead to a gradual and irreversible deterioration of physical and mental abilities, including physical disability and dementia.